He had two younger brothers, Peter and Elihu.
He then taught school for several years and studied law with an attorney in Worcester, Massachusetts. Well-read and possessed of her own intellectual gifts, she corresponded regularly with Adams, especially when he was away in Europe for long periods of time.
He was a critic of the Stamp Act ofin which the British levied a tax on legal documents, newspapers and playing cards in the North American colonies.
Adams also spoke out against the Townshend Acts ofwhich levied tariffs on goods such as paper, glass and tea that were imported to America. Despite his objection to what he thought was unfair taxation by the British, Adams, a principled man, represented the British soldiers accused of murder in the Boston Massacre of March Adams wanted to ensure that the soldiers—who were charged with firing into an unruly crowd of civilians in Boston and killing five people—received a fair trial.
The Continental Congress served as the government of the 13 American colonies and later the United States, from to Inas a delegate to the Second Continental Congress, Adams nominated George Washington to serve as commander of the colonial forces in the American Revolutionary Warwhich had just begun.
As a congressional delegate, Adams would later nominate Thomas Jefferson to draft the Declaration of Independence. By the early s, Adams was in Europe again, serving in a diplomatic capacity. Inhe, along with John Jay and Benjamin Franklin helped negotiate the Treaty of Pariswhich officially ended hostilities between America and Britain.
Adams lobbied for the vice presidency and won. In early elections, the president and vice president were elected separately.
The President Faces Tensions Abroad Adams took office in Marchand his presidency was quickly taken up with foreign affairs. Britain and France were at war, which directly affected American trade.
During his tenure, Washington had managed to maintain neutrality, but tensions had escalated by the time Adams became president. Inhe sent a delegation to France to negotiate a treaty but the French refused to meet with the delegates, and the French foreign minister, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigorddemanded a large bribe.
An undeclared naval war broke out between the U.
Adams squandered his popularity by signing the Alien and Sedition Acts into law in Jefferson and his allies, who called themselves the Democratic-Republicans, assailed these laws, declaring them unconstitutional.
Many Americans, having shed one oppressive government, feared that their new government might resort to similar tactics. Although the laws were never abused and, in fact, had built-in expirations, they hurt Adams and helped cost him the election in A Tireless Writer After his presidency, Adams had a long and productive retirement.
He and his wife lived in Quincy, Massachusetts, and the former president spent the next quarter-century writing columns, books and letters.
Inhe was encouraged to begin exchanging letters with his old rival Thomas Jefferson, and their voluminous correspondence lasted the rest of their lives. By that point, the elder Adams and Jefferson were among the last living signers of the Declaration of Independence.
What he did not know was that earlier that morning Jefferson, too, had passed away.
Start your free trial today.Biography of John Adams By Jim Liesenfelt. Childhood; Education and Early Career () Lawyer () Early Patriot () The Boston Massacre.
John Adams is one of the best known and most often performed of America's composers. As Andrew Porter wrote in The New Yorker, Adams is the creator of a "flexible new language capable of producing large-scale works that are both attractive and strongly fashioned.
John Adams born on Oct. 30 (Oct. 19, old style), , at Braintree (now Quincy), Mass. A Harvard graduate, he considered teaching and the ministry but finally turned to .
John Adams by Benjamin Blythe done in Salem in Early Life John Adams, son of Deacon John Adams and Susanna Boylston, was the fifth generation from Henry Adams who reached the shores of America, from England, in Biography of John Adams By Jim Liesenfelt.
Childhood; Education and Early Career () Lawyer () Early Patriot () The Boston Massacre. John Adams was born in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts, on October 30, , the first of three children born to John Adams and Susanna Boylston Adams.
His father was a modest but successful farmer and local officeholder.